Constitutional law is the body of law which defines the relationship of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. The Supreme Court is the apex court of law in the country. It controls the entire judicial system. It establishes the basic political principles and fundamental structure, procedure, powers and duties of the government of India.
Highlights of Indian Constitution Law
- Equality: - Equal opportunity and social status for all Indian citizens.
- Justice: - Social, political and economic justice.
- Fraternity: - This guarantees individual's dignity and country's unity.
- Liberty: - Liberty to all Indian citizens for freedom of expression, religion, speech, and beliefs.
Preamble: The Preamble of Constitution of India comprise of the following:
The Constitution of India grants seven fundamental rights to Indian citizens, to promote democracy in the country, such as: Right to Education, Right to Equality, Right to Freedom from Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Right to Particular Freedom, Cultural and Educational Rights, Right to Constitutional Remedies.
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Criminal Law of India
Indian criminal laws are divided into three major acts i.e. Indian Penal Code, 1860, Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 and Indian Evidence Act, 1872. Besides these major acts, special Criminal Laws are also passed by Parliament of India, Prevention of Corruption Act, Food Adulteration Act, Dowry Prevention Act,the Defence of India Act,etc. thousands of minor laws are made in India.
Criminal law in India means offenses against the state, it includes felonies and misdemeanors. The standard of proof for crimes is "beyond a reasonable doubt." The term criminal law means crimes that may establish punishments. Crimes are usually categorized as felonies or misdemeanors based on their nature and the maximum punishment that can be imposed. A felony involves serious misconduct that is punishable by death or by imprisonment for more than one year. Most state criminal laws subdivide felonies into different classes with varying degrees of punishment. Crimes that do not amount to felonies are misdemeanors or violations. A misdemeanor is misconduct for which the law prescribes punishment of no more than one year in prison. Lesser offenses, such as traffic and parking infractions, are often called violations and are considered a part of criminal law.
Civil Law of India
Civil law is a body of rules that defines and protects the private rights of citizens, offers legal remedies that may be sought in a dispute, and covers areas of law such as contracts, torts, property and family law.
The primary purpose of civil law is to resolve disputes and provide compensation for someone injured by someone else's acts or behavior. The primary purpose of criminal law is to prevent undesirable behavior and punish those who commit an act deemed undesirable by society.
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Corporate or Business Law
Business law or corporate law, is the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales. Business law includes within its compass such titles as principal and agent; carriage by land and sea; merchant shipping; guarantee; marine, fire, life, and accident insurance; bills of exchange, negotiable instruments, contracts and partnership. It can also be understood to regulate corporate contracts, hiring practices, and the manufacture and sales of consumer goods.
A savvy businessperson will be generally familiar with business laws and know when to seek the advice of a licensed attorney. Business law includes state and federal laws, as well as administrative regulations.
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Our Trusted Members
Sri Ranjit JhaDirector in Chief
Ranjit Jha is a lawyer practises in Patna High Court since last 17 years and have hundreds of successful cases won.
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Smt. Gita JhaDirector
Smt. Gita Jha is a Director of our law firm, handing management of the team.
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Rahul JhaManaging Director
Rahul Jha is a MBA from L.N Mishra Institute & Managing Director of our Law firm
Kiran KumariJunior Councelor of Director in Chief
A Higly experienced and dedicated Lawyer of Civil Court, Patna mainly focus on all Civil matter.
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